Self Driving Cars Technology
A self-driving automobile is likewise referred to as an autonomous car or a robot car. A vehicle is capable to sense its surroundings and navigate without the need for human involvement. It uses a range of techniques to detect its surroundings, including wireless communication, radar, GPS, LIDAR, camera, laser scanner, and computer vision.
- The experiment for the autonomous car began in 1920.
- The first experimental car took place in 1950.
- Self-driving automobiles were first debuted in 2009.
How it works:
All of a car’s sensors are constantly in communication with one another. A significant amount of data is sent into the computer, which then selects important information. The car can drive itself due to artificial intelligence, machine learning, and complicated algorithms.
Based on a range of sensors located in different parts of the vehicle, autonomous cars develop and maintain a map of their surroundings. The position of the nearby vehicle has been monitoring by radar sensors. Traffic signals are detected, road signs, other vehicles are tracked, and people have searched using video cameras. Lidar sensors estimate distances, road boundaries and recognize lane markers by bouncing light pulses off the vehicle’s surroundings. When parking, the wheels’ ultrasonic sensors detect obstacles.
Advantages of Autonomous cars:
- A more secure journey.
- There is no accident.
- Air quality has improved.
- The self-driving automobile follows the traffic rules.
Disadvantages of Autonomous cars:
- Hackers have the ability to alter the route.
- Hackers can change the route.
- Failure of the system
- High cost
- Unemployment increase.
It is a good strategy to prevent traffic jams and accidents. Despite the obvious benefits of self-driving cars, there are some drawbacks to this kind of transportation. Additional research will take a lot of money and time before the technology underlying self-driving cars are developed enough to let them on our roads on a wide scale.